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The Districts:

The Big Island is divided into nine districts. Since the trade winds normally blow from the northeast, the west side of the island experiences drier and warmer weather than the east side, which is cooler and wetter.

For more information about district, click on the district name below:

  1. Puna
  2. South Hilo
  3. North Hilo
  4. Hamakua
  5. North Kohala
  6. South Kohala
  7. North Kona
  8. South Kona
  9. Kau District

The Big Island of Hawaii is the youngest and largest island in the Hawaiian chain. Also know as the Orchid Isle, the Big Island is 4,028 square miles of land and is twice the combined size of all the other islands put together.

The Big Island was formed by five volcanoes, two of which are still active. In fact, Kilauea Volcano is the world's most continuously active volcano.

Besides active volcanoes, the Big Island also boasts the southernmost point in the United States as well as the tallest mountains in the state at 13,796 ft.

The Big Island also has the most diverse climates of all the Hawaiian Islands. From tropical rainforests to open prairie and snow covered mountains - just about every possible climate exists on this beautiful island.

Besides tourism, the Big Island's major industry, other significant industries on the island include:

  • The largest macadamia nut industry in the world
  • The largest orchid growing business in the world
  • The major coffee industry in the United States
  • The major ginger producer in the United States
  • The largest astronomy research facilities in the world
  • Aquaculture with over 43 farms producing shellfish, finfish and algae, valued at $13.1 million

Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park, Akaka Falls, Pu'uhonau o Honaunau National Historical Park (City of Refuge), Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site, and Lapakahi State Historic Park. Additional activities include viewing petroglyph sites, deep-sea fishing, cultural events such as the Merrie Monarch Hula Festival and the Kona Coffee Festival, and sports events such as the Ironman Triathlon.

Quick Big Island Statistics at a Glance:

Age:700,000 years   National Parks:4
Size miles:4,028.2   Size acres:2,578,048
County Parks:135   Island length:93 miles
Hunting Areas:26   Island width:76 miles
Wildlife Refuges:1   Highest Point:13,796 ft
Sanctuaries:2   Longest River:32 miles
Surfing Sites:185   Highest Waterfall:620 feet
Bodysurfing:17   Population:143,135
Swimming:72   Churches:288
Island Flower:Lehua 'ohi'a   Schools:38
State Bird:Nene Goose   Tourists daily:21,360
Golf Courses:18   Sandy Shoreline:19.4 miles
Nickname:Orchid Isle, The Big Island

Big Island Climate:

Because of the size of the Big Island, as well as the fact that the island has two mountains over 13,700 feet tall, you can expect to find very many different climates on this pacific playground. From beautiful tropical beach weather to cooler elevations where fireplaces are necessary at night, the Big Island offers a climate for everyone.

Hawaii temperatures are in general mild and do not vary more than about +/- 5 degrees throughout the year.

Big Island People:

Hawaii, known as the Melting Pot of the Pacific is home to an incredibly diverse ethnic population of over 142,000 residents. About 26% of the people are Caucasian, 14% Japanese, 31% Hawaiian or part-Hawaiian, and the remainder either Filipino, Chinese, Hispanic or a combination of the groups.

All the islands are known for their Aloha Spirit and you can expect to find generosity, friendliness and compassion wherever you go.

Things To Do:

The Big Island's size and diversified climate means there is a lot of activities and entertainment to participate in. From hiking to rodeos to scuba to snowboarding, the Big Island offers just about everything. Below is just a small list of activities that are available to visitors and residents of the Big Island:

  • Hundreds of miles of hiking trails and mountain bike trails
  • Volcanically heated swimming areas
  • Surfing and body boarding
  • Scuba and snorkeling
  • Playing with red hot lava
  • Parasailing
  • Shore fishing and deep sea fishing
  • Boat cruises
  • Stargazing and Astronomy shows
  • Cavern and Lava Tube tours and clubs
  • Luaus
  • Golfing (18 golf courses)
  • Tennis
  • Museums
  • Off-roading
  • Hunting
  • Rafting and flume rides
  • Petroglyph sites
  • Flower and Tropical gardens
  • Music
  • Whale and Dolphin watching
  • Helicopter tours
  • Wineries and Coffee plantation tours
  • Horseback riding and rodeos
  • Kayaking and Canoeing
  • Bird watching
  • Farmers Market
  • Shopping, shopping and more shopping

Big Island Websites:

The following list of sites are places you might find interesting about the Big Island of Hawaii.